Legendre P

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The Legendre polynomials are orthogonal polynomials defined by the formula $$P_n(x) = \dfrac{1}{2^n} \displaystyle\sum_{k=0}^n {n \choose k}^2 (x-1)^{n-k}(x+1)^k.$$

$$\begin{array}{ll} P_0(x) &= 1 \\ P_1(x) &= x \\ P_2(x) &= \dfrac{1}{2}(3x^2-1) \\ P_3(x) &= \dfrac{1}{2}(5x^3-3x) \\ P_4(x) &= \dfrac{1}{8}(35x^4-30x^2+3) \\ P_5(x) &= \dfrac{1}{8}(63x^5-70x^3+15x) \\ \vdots \end{array}$$

Properties[edit]

Relationship between Legendre polynomial and hypergeometric 2F1

Orthogonal polynomials