Meixner polynomial

From specialfunctionswiki
Jump to: navigation, search

The Meixner polynomials $M_n(x;\beta,c); c \in (0,1)$ are defined by $$M_n(x;\beta,c) = {}_2F_1 \left(-n,-x;\beta; 1 - \dfrac{1}{c} \right)$$

Properties[edit]

Theorem: The Meixner polynomials are orthogonal with respect to the inner product $$\langle p,q \rangle = \displaystyle\sum_{k=0}^{\infty} p(k)q(k) \dfrac{\beta^{\overline{k}}}{k!} c^k,$$ and $\langle M_n(\cdot;\beta,c),M_m(\cdot;\beta,c) \rangle = \dfrac{n! (1-c)^{-\beta}}{c^n \beta^{\overline{n}}} \delta_{mn};\beta>0,0<c<1,$ where $\delta_{mn}$ denotes the Dirac delta and $\beta^{\overline{k}}$ denotes a rising factorial.

Proof:

Theorem: The following three-term recurrence holds for Meixner polynomials: $$xM_n(x;\beta,c)=c(\beta+n)(1-c)^{-1}M_{n+1}(x;\beta,c)-[n+c(\beta+n)](1-c)^{-1}M_n(x;\beta,c)+n(1-c)^{-1}M_{n-1}(x;\beta,c).$$

Proof:

Rodrigues formula for Meixner polynomial
Relationship between Meixner polynomials and Charlier polynomials

References[edit]

Classical and quantum orthogonal polynomials in one variable - Mourad Ismail