Jacobi sn

Let $u=\displaystyle\int_0^x \dfrac{1}{\sqrt{(1-t^2)(1-mt^2)}}dt = \displaystyle\int_0^{\phi} \dfrac{1}{\sqrt{1-m\sin^2 \theta}} d\theta.$ Then we define $$\mathrm{sn \hspace{2pt}}u = \sin \phi = x.$$

Properties

1. $\mathrm{sn \hspace{2pt}}^2u+\mathrm{cn \hspace{2pt}}^2u=1$
2. $\mathrm{sn \hspace{2pt}}(0)=0$
3. $m \mathrm{sn \hspace{2pt}}^2 u + \mathrm{dn \hspace{2pt}}^2u=1$
4. $\mathrm{sn \hspace{2pt}}$ is an odd function
5. $\dfrac{d}{du}\mathrm{sn \hspace{2pt}} u =\mathrm{cn \hspace{2pt}}(u)\mathrm{dn \hspace{2pt}}(u)$

References

Jacobi Elliptic Functions